But before we talk about how the teacher can be a facilitator, we must comprehend the meaning of a facilitator. A facilitator is the person who assists a group of people in grasping at their common targets and in achieving them without any intervention on his/her behalf. Therefore, when we say the teacher has to play the role of a facilitator in the classroom, this means that the teacher should not be the king who controls the activities of the learners. He /she should grant the learners some space to let the spirits of creativity and innovation. In other words, the learners must get involved into an active participation that would be represented in argumentative discussions and teamwork activities, so that the process of learning become comprehensive.
As an ESL teacher, I exert effort in making my classes vitally utile,as the learner must gain new knowledge at the end of every class. My classes usually start with warming-up activity that would take few minutes, so that the learners’ participation can be guaranteed. At the same time, this activity would indirectly incite the inactive learners to participate in the activity.If my class is a reading comprehension class, the learners have to be divided into groups. Then all the groups discuss the topic of the text without my intervention. All what I can do as a facilitator is to correct the misinformation or give helpful tips that clarify some vague matters in the text. The vocabulary is to be looked up by the learners. I just give me some off-site and online references that would help them find the meanings of the difficult words. If my class is a grammar class, I usually start the class by giving the learners a text that will target the grammatical point that will be explained in the class after dividing them into groups. Then I ask the learners to tell me about their observation and then I take from here to elaborate on the text that would definitely help them realize how the grammatical rule can be applied. My last advice is related to the writing skills. Let your learners attempt to correct their own mistakes instead of offering the corrections on a silver platter.
Finally, being a facilitator in a classroom means being a successful teacher. This means that one builds constructionist classes where there are mutual positive and active responses from the teacher and the learners ,and even among the learners themselves within the one classroom.